Dictyostelium discoideum Nuclear Plasmid Ddp5 Is a Chimera Related to the Ddp1 and Ddp2 Plasmid Families
The 14,955-bp Dictyostelium discoideum nuclear plasmid Ddp5 contains six transcribed open reading frames. One of these is related to the rep gene of the Ddp2 plasmid, and the other five are related to genes present on the Ddp1 plasmid. The absence of a homolog of the Ddp1 G1 gene, coupled with the presence of the Ddp2 rep gene homolog and of a 1.6-kb inverted repeat analogous to the inverted repeats on members of the Ddp2 plasmid family, suggests that Ddp5 uses Ddp2-like replication and copy
... ber control mechanisms and that it should be assigned to the Ddp2 plasmid family. Ddp5 carries genes homologous to the D1/D3 and D2 genes of the Ddp1 plasmid as well as the Ddp1 G2/G3/D4, G5/D6, and G6/G4/D5 genes. The products of the Ddp5 G2-like, G5-like, and G6-like genes are likely to be transcription factors regulating the expression of themselves and of the other Ddp5 genes. The D1-like and D2-like genes may confer a selective advantage to plasmid-bearing cells, because they can be deleted from plasmid-based shuttle vectors with no apparent effect on vector maintenance. Updated sequence information for the Ddp1 G5/D6, D1/D3, and D2 genes as well as the Dmp1 and Dmp2 G5-like genes is presented. The locations of introns in the G5-like and D1-like genes of Ddp5 and in the homologous genes of the Ddp1, Dmp1, and Dmp2 plasmids were identified. These introns all have GU at the 5′ intron border and AG at the 3′ intron border, are short (59 to 71 nucleotides), and are AT-rich. A conserved HHCC domain was identified in the G5 proteins; this is a putative zinc binding domain and may be involved in protein-DNA interaction.