Comparative physiological and proteomic analysis indicates lower shock response to drought stress conditions in a self-pollinating perennial ryegrass

Fatemeh Raeisi Vanani, Leila Shabani, Mohammad R. Sabzalian, Fariba Dehghanian, Lisa Winner, Tong Zhang
2020 PLoS ONE  
We investigated the physiological and proteomic changes in the leaves of three Lolium perenne genotypes, one Iranian putative self-pollinating genotype named S10 and two commercial genotypes of Vigor and Speedy, subjected to drought stress conditions. The results of this study indeed showed higher RWC (relative water content), SDW (shoot dry weight), proline, ABA (abscisic acid), nitrogen and amino acid contents, and antioxidant enzymes activities of S10 under drought stress in comparison with
more » ... in comparison with the two other genotypes. A total of 915 proteins were identified using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) analysis, and the number of differentially abundant proteins between normal and stress conditions was 467, 456, and 99 in Vigor, Speedy, and S10, respectively. Proteins involved in carbon and energy metabolism, photosynthesis, TCA cycle, redox, and transport categories were up-regulated in the two commercial genotypes. We also found that some protein inductions, including those involved in amino acid and ABA metabolisms, aquaporin, HSPs, photorespiration, and increases in the abundance of antioxidant enzymes, are essential responses of the two commercial genotypes to drought stress. In contrast, we observed only slight changes in the protein profile of the S10 genotype under drought stress. Higher homozygosity due to self-pollination in the genetic background of the S10 genotype may have led to a lower variation in response to drought stress conditions.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0234317 pmid:32555744 fatcat:tnht46p4qzdarlnntkd2ns2zta