Protection against COVID-19 in African population: Immunology, genetics, and malaria clues for therapeutic targets

Marcos Altable
2021 Qeios  
There is a marked discrepancy between SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and COVID-19 cases and deaths in Africa. Main: SARS-CoV-2 stimulates humoral and cellular immunity systems, as well as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear NF-kB signalling pathways, which regulate inflammatory gene expression and immune cell differentiation. The result is pro-inflammatory cytokines release, hyperinflammatory condition, and cytokine storm, which provoke severe lung alterations that can lead to
more » ... can lead to multi-organ failure in COVID-19. Multiple genetic and immunologic factors may contribute to the severity of COVID-19 in African individuals when compared to the rest of the global population. In this article, the role of malaria, NF-kB and MAPK pathways, caspase-12 expression, high level of LAIR-1containing antibodies, and differential glycophorins (GYPA/B) expression in COVID-19 are discussed.
doi:10.32388/n9ykcg fatcat:7edlemguhbh65e2jopaal4shn4