Simultaneous Determination of Four DNA bases at Graphene Oxide/Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite-Modified Electrode

Shuting Wang, Celia Ferrag, Meissam Noroozifar, Kagan Kerman
2020 Micromachines  
In this study, we developed a modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with graphene oxide, multi-walled carbon nanotube hybrid nanocomposite in chitosan (GCE/GO-MWCNT-CHT) to achieve simultaneous detection of four nucleobases (i.e., guanine (G), adenine (A), thymine (T) and cytosine (C)) along with uric acid (UA) as an internal standard. The nanocomposite was characterized using TEM and FT-IR. The linearity ranges were up to 151.0, 78.0, 79.5, 227.5, and 162.5 µM with a detection limit of 0.15,
more » ... .12, 0.44, 4.02, 4.0, and 3.30 µM for UA, G, A, T, and C, respectively. Compared to a bare GCE, the nanocomposite-modified GCE demonstrated a large enhancement (~36.6%) of the electrochemical active surface area. Through chronoamperometric studies, the diffusion coefficients (D), standard catalytic rate constant (Ks), and heterogenous rate constant (Kh) were calculated for the analytes. Moreover, the nanocomposite-modified electrode was used for simultaneous detection in human serum, human saliva, and artificial saliva samples with recovery values ranging from 95% to 105%.
doi:10.3390/mi11030294 pmid:32168840 fatcat:om2mbfdzmrd75mmdct6zp2aixq