Investigation of the psychological factors associated with fissured tongue

Heron Fernando de Sousa GONZAGA, Lucinei Roberto de OLIVEIRA, Bruna Lavinas Sayed PICCIANI, Maria Lúcia Jorge de Sousa GONZAGA, Sílvia Angélica JORGE, Maria Augusta JORGE, Jane TOMIMORI
2019 RGO: Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia  
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FT and anxiety. Methods: The sample consisted of 95 participants categorized into two groups: a) G-FT, 48 patients with FT and b) CG, 47 healthy participants. All patients were submitted to complete oral and dermatological examinations. The anxiety levels were measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). A p-value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Fourteen (30%) patients reported awareness of having FT
more » ... ness of having FT and 9 (64%) were women. Symptoms like burning feeling were reported by 3 (6%) only patients, all of then women. None of the control group patients presented these symptoms. In both groups, control and FT, the average scores of trait-anxiety were slightly higher than state-anxiety. There were no statistically significant differences between the FT and the control group related to the state-anxiety (p=0.724) and the trait-anxiety (p=0.680) scores. Study limitations: This study was limited by the number of subjects. Conclusion: Although moderate state-anxiety and trait-anxiety scores were determined, anxiety, as an environmental factor may not play a significant role in the development of FT. Considering FT as a multifactorial disease, probably a genetic component is necessary for expression.
doi:10.1590/1981-86372019000173559 fatcat:id2qxduaqzgojm4vg4ycuckehq