Design, synthesis, brine shrimp lethality and cytotoxicity of some novel 17a-aza-D-homo-androster-17-one derivatives

Dongfeng Hong, Yiming Ma, Siyao Song, Na Li, Junru Wang
2020 Figshare  
In this work, twenty-eight novel 17a-aza-D-homo-androster-17-one derivatives, which divided into two categories, were synthesized with commercial available starting material (dehydroepiandrosterone) via oximation reaction, Beckmann rearrangement, hydroxyl protection, N-alkylation and deprotection. All compounds were characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRMS. The structure of 14 g was also identified by X-ray single crystal diffraction. The bioactivities, brine shrimp toxicity and cytotoxicity,
more » ... and cytotoxicity, of all derivatives were tested. The results indicated that compounds 11 h, 11i, 11 m, 11 s, 14 b and 14 g exhibited excellent toxicity against brine shrimp with LC50 values ranging from 5.34 to 16.89 μg/mL, and compounds 11 s and 14 g displayed significant cytotoxicity against HT29 cells and A549 cells with IC50 values of 9.70 μM and 8.85 μM, respectively. Structure-activity relationships are discussed based on the results obtained from our research, and some important determinants for further modification of steroids towards the development of novel drug candidates are identified.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12128805 fatcat:psalj23dqfdnjlqioptmexrvhu