Learning to Discover Medicines [article]

Tri Minh Nguyen, Thin Nguyen, Truyen Tran
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Discovering new medicines is the hallmark of human endeavor to live a better and longer life. Yet the pace of discovery has slowed down as we need to venture into more wildly unexplored biomedical space to find one that matches today's high standard. Modern AI-enabled by powerful computing, large biomedical databases, and breakthroughs in deep learning-offers a new hope to break this loop as AI is rapidly maturing, ready to make a huge impact in the area. In this paper we review recent advances
more » ... in AI methodologies that aim to crack this challenge. We organize the vast and rapidly growing literature of AI for drug discovery into three relatively stable sub-areas: (a) representation learning over molecular sequences and geometric graphs; (b) data-driven reasoning where we predict molecular properties and their binding, optimize existing compounds, generate de novo molecules, and plan the synthesis of target molecules; and (c) knowledge-based reasoning where we discuss the construction and reasoning over biomedical knowledge graphs. We will also identify open challenges and chart possible research directions for the years to come.
arXiv:2202.07096v1 fatcat:u77zls6hezffbkmm3zy2rhnueu