Comparison of PRE and POST COVID-19 Pandemic burn statistics: Initial experience from Rawalian Burn Center, Holy Family Hospital, RMU, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College
Objectives: To determine the change in the trend of burn patient epidemiology after the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of frequency of burn injury and mortality rate.Material and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at Rawalian burn center, Plastic Surgery Department, Holy Family Hospital RMU Rawalpindi from 1st March to 31st July over a period of 05 months. All burn patients reporting to the Rawalian burn center during the specified period were included in this study by
... d in this study by consecutive sampling. Patients were mainly admitted from emergency and some from OPD following the standard admission, inclusion, and exclusion criteriaResults: Mean age of patients in the pre-COVID (Control) period March to July 2019 was 28.84 years with an SD of ±3.73. There were 63% females and 37% males. The total burn surface area range was 8-65% during this period. Whereas in the post-COVID period, March to July 2020 mean age of patients was 29.13 years with an SD of ±4.06. There were 60% females and 40% males. Whereas the total burn surface area range was 10-61% during this period. Frequency per month of burn injury progressively reduced to 58 patients and mortality rate to 1 in July 2020 (post-COVID period). The overall frequency of burn injury (n) during the control period was 367 patients whereas in the post-COVID period is reduced to 326 patients. So there was an 11.17% reduction as compared to the control period. A Chi-square test was applied and was found significant.Conclusion: Based on the current study it can be concluded that there is a progressive fall in frequency of burn injury and mortality rate during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic as compared to the PRE-COVID period however further studies are needed to explore the cause of this falling trend.