1733-1738 of Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children, Indo Am

Rehman Abdul, Siyal, Muhammad Saeed Talpur, Yousuf Khalid, Memon, Rehman Abdul, Siyal
2015 J. Pharm. Sci   unpublished
Objective: To determine the frequency of risk factors and clinical features of iron deficiency anemia in children. Material & Methods: This descriptive study was held in pediatric department of LUMHS duration of six month from May 2015 to October 2015. Total 100 anemic children were included in the study. All children having anemia due to malignant disease and history of any genetic disorder were excluded from the study. All the information was recorded on self-made proforma. Information was
more » ... hered regarding iron deficiency anemia, its risk factors and clinical features. Results: Anemia was found mostly in male children i.e. 70% as compare to females i.e. 30%. Majority of cases i.e. 85% belong to low socioeconomic status, history of excessive milk intake was in 30%, 50% had prolong bottle feeding, history of premature birth was in 17% children, 10% children were overweight and 5% had unknown risk factors. Regarding clinical features, majority of the children i.e. 80% had paleness of conjunctiva, 70% were fatigue, 15% had poor concentration and 10% had hepatomegaly. Conclusion: We concluded that majority of children with iron deficiency anemia had poor socioeconomic status, and this was the commonest and basic risk factor of anemia in children, and most common clinical features were paleness of conjunctiva and fatigue.