Cytoskeleton/Endoplasmic Reticulum Collapse Induced by Prostaglandin J2 Parallels Centrosomal Deposition of Ubiquitinated Protein Aggregates
Kenyon D. Ogburn, Maria E. Figueiredo-Pereira
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Many neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease, exhibit inclusion bodies containing ubiquitinated proteins. The mechanisms implicated in this aberrant protein deposition remain elusive. In these disorders signs of inflammation are also apparent in the affected central nervous system areas. We show that prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2), an endogenous product of inflammation, disrupts the cytoskeleton in neuronal cells. Furthermore, PGJ2 perturbed microtubule polymerization in vitro and
... sed the number of free sulfhydryl groups on tubulin cysteines. A direct effect of PGJ2 on actin was not apparent, although actin filaments were altered in cells treated with PGJ2. This cyclopentenone prostaglandin triggered endoplasmic reticulum (ER) collapse and the redistribution of ER proteins, such as calnexin and catechol-O-methyltransferase, into a large centrosomal aggregate containing ubiquitinated proteins and ␣-synuclein. The PGJ2-dependent cytoskeletal rearrangement paralleled the development of the large centrosomal aggregate. Both of these events were replicated by treating cells with colchicine, which disrupts the microtubule/ER network, but not with brefeldin A, which impairs ER/Golgi transport. PGJ2 also perturbed 26 S proteasome assembly and activity, which preceded the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins as detergent/salt-insoluble aggregates. Our data support a mechanism by which, upon PGJ2 treatment, cytoskeleton/ER collapse coincides with the relocation of ER proteins, other potentially neighboring proteins, and ubiquitinated proteins into centrosomal aggregates. Development of these large perinuclear aggregates is associated with disruption of the microtubule/ER network. This aberrant protein deposition, triggered by a product of inflammation, may be common to other compounds that disrupt microtubules and induce protein aggregation, such as MPP ؉ and rotenone, found to be associated with neurodegeneration. . 3 The abbreviations used are: PGJ2, prostaglandin J2; COMT, catechol-Omethyltransferase; DAPI, 4Ј,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DTNB, 5,5Ј-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid); 15d-PGJ2, 15-deoxy-⌬ 12,14 -prostaglandin J2; ER, endoplasmic reticulum; MTOC, microtubule organizing center.