Some Approaches To The Identification Of Innovative Enterprises In The Region
The innovative development is a key priority for the Russian Federation. The negative phenomena in the national economy result from its non-optimal structure. About half of Russian budget revenues are derived from the sale of raw materials in foreign markets. The dependence on the world market requires forced transformations in order to increase the volume of innovative products, works and services. This need is also due to the sanctions which are directed against mining enterprises. Western
... rprises. Western government do not plan to cancel them. The Russian government aims to intensify the development of high-tech industries. The article considers criteria for classifying enterprises as innovative. They are reflected in official statistical documents and regulatory legal acts. Various author's approaches to the classification of enterprises as innovative are given. The features of application of various criteria for the identification of innovative enterprises are described. Different approaches to their choice are revealed. The advantages of innovative activities and potential risks are identified. The process of selection of criteria in some foreign countries (Israel, South Korea, Switzerland) is described. The positive and negative trends of innovative development of enterprises and the country as a whole are revealed. The general priority of transition to the innovative development path in the conditions of the non-optimal structure of the economy and sanctions is identified.