Sildenafil reduces polyuria in rats with lithium-induced NDI

Talita Rojas Sanches, Rildo Aparecido Volpini, Maria H. Massola Shimizu, Ana Carolina de Bragança, Fabíola Oshiro-Monreal, Antonio Carlos Seguro, Lúcia Andrade
2012 AJP - Renal Physiology  
Sanches TR, Volpini RA, Massola Shimizu MH, de Bragança AC, Oshiro-Monreal F, Seguro AC, Andrade L. Sildenafil reduces polyuria in rats with lithium-induced NDI. Lithium (Li)-treated patients often develop urinary concentrating defect and polyuria, a condition known as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). In a rat model of Li-induced NDI, we studied the effect that sildenafil (Sil), a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, has on renal expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2), urea transporter UT-A1,
more » ... ϩ /H ϩ exchanger 3 (NHE3), Na ϩ -K ϩ -2Cl Ϫ cotransporter (NKCC2), epithelial Na channel (ENaC; ␣-, ␤-, and ␥-subunits), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and inducible nitric oxide synthase. We also evaluated cGMP levels in medullary collecting duct cells in suspension. For 4 wk, Wistar rats received Li (40 mmol/kg food) or no treatment (control), some receiving, in weeks 2-4, Sil (200 mg/kg food) or Li and Sil (LiϩSil). In LiϩSil rats, urine output and free water clearance were markedly lower, whereas urinary osmolality was higher, than in Li rats. The cGMP levels in the suspensions of medullary collecting duct cells were markedly higher in the LiϩSil and Sil groups than in the control and Li groups. Semiquantitative immunoblotting revealed the following: in LiϩSil rats, AQP2 expression was partially normalized, whereas that of UT-A1, ␥-ENaC, and eNOS was completely normalized; and expression of NKCC2 and NHE3 was significantly higher in Li rats than in controls. Inulin clearance was normal in all groups. Mean arterial pressure and plasma arginine vasopressin did not differ among the groups. Sil completely reversed the Li-induced increase in renal vascular resistance. We conclude that, in experimental Liinduced NDI, Sil reduces polyuria, increases urinary osmolality, and decreases free water clearance via upregulation of renal AQP2 and UT-A1.
doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00439.2010 pmid:22031848 fatcat:2kgxp7gtkndzlkv6zaamz3meuq