Requirements Analysis and Design of an Affective Bi-Modal Intelligent Tutoring System: The Case of Keyboard and Microphone
Studies in Computational Intelligence
Preface Tremendous advances in intelligent paradigms, such as artificial neural systems, machine learning, evolutionary computing, web-based systems and intelligent agent systems, have immensely contributed in the field of interactive systems. The personalization of intelligent interactive systems has become reality. Researchers are working on fusing adaptivity and learning in interactive systems. Intelligent recommender systems, intelligent tutoring systems, intelligent web-shops, intelligent
... nteractive TV, intelligent mobile services, affective systems and narrative environments constitute typical intelligent interactive systems. However, the list of intelligent interactive systems is not exhausted to the aforementioned applications, as research and developments in the area expand to many more applications. The main aim of this book is to report a sample of the most recent advances in the field of intelligent interactive systems in knowledge-based environments. This book consists of ten chapters reflecting the theoretical foundations as well as typical applications in the area of intelligent interactive systems. We wish to express our gratitude to the authors and reviewers for their wonderful contributions. Thanks are due to Springer-Verlag for their editorial support. We would also like to express our sincere thanks to Ms Sridevi Ravi for her wonderful editorial support. We believe that this book would help in creating interest among researchers and practitioners towards realizing human-like machines. This book would prove useful to the researchers, professors, research students and practitioners as it reports novel research work on challenging topics in the area of intelligent interactive systems. Moreover, special emphasis has been put on highlighting issues concerning the development process of such complex interactive systems, thus revisiting the difficult issue of knowledge engineering of such systems. In this way, the book aims at providing the readers with a better understanding of how intelligent interactive systems can be successfully implemented to incorporate recent trends and advances in theory and applications of intelligent systems. Summary. This chapter presents an affective bi-modal Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) with emphasis on the early stages of its creation. Affective ITSs are expected to provide a more human-like interaction between students and educational software. The ITS is named Edu-Affe-Mikey and its tutoring domain is Medicine. The two modes of interaction presented in this chapter concern the keyboard and the microphone. Emotions of students are recognised by each modality separately and then, evidence from the two modalities is combined through a decision making theory. After emotion recognition has been performed Edu-Affe-Mikey adapts dynamically its tutoring behaviour to an appropriate emotion of an animated tutoring agent. In this respect an affective and adaptive interaction is achieved in the interactions of the student with the ITS, by performing both affect recognition and affect generation.