Variants of the Sliding Mode Control in Presence of External Disturbance for Quadrotor

Irfan Ahmad, Muwaida Liaquat, Fahad Mumtaz Malik, Hameed Ullah, Usman Ali
2020 IEEE Access  
In this paper, an Improved Integral Power Rate Exponential Reaching Law (IIPRERL) Sliding Mode Control strategy has been presented to cater to the chattering problem and stability issue with the focusing on to achieve minimum steady-state errors in the presence of matched disturbances for a quadrotor. Control strategies have been implemented on quadrotor which is 6 Degree of Freedom (DOF) underactuated model and it is derived via Newton-Euler(NE) equations. The main focus of this article is to
more » ... esign two flight control strategies for a quadrotor. Firstly, a novel IIPRERL-SMC is designed through Improved Integral Sliding Mode Control (II-SMC) via proper gain scheduling by system Eigenvalues. The control objective is to construct a controller such that would force the state trajectories to approach the sliding surface with an exponential policy. Meanwhile, a strong condition for reaching the law of sliding surface via Hurwitz stability has been introduced to the hovering of the quadrotor. Secondly, kinodynamic Rapidly Exploring Random Tree with Fixed Node (RRT*FN) which is an incremental sampling-based optimal algorithm has been implemented for online navigation and flight control of the quadrotor system. Online planning which is based on the offline one, is given on-board radar readings which gradually produces a smooth 3-D trajectory aiming at reaching a predetermined target in an unknown environment. The performance and stability of the quadrotor are completely examined by utilizing Lyapunov stability analysis. Simulations are presented to verify that the proposed scheme is effective with Hurwitz stability for both translational and rotational parts of the quadrotor. INDEX TERMS Artificial Intelligence, Improved Integral Sliding Mode Control, Lyapunov's Controller, Rapidly growing Random Tree and Vertical Take-Off Landing (VTOL).
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3041678 fatcat:wv3nl5p4kvdkfo37tvrtz7tvei