P132: Development and implementation of an intubation registry within a Canadian tertiary-care hospital
CJEM: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medical Care
Intubation is a high-risk procedure that is frequently performed within the ED. Few Canadian centres have a system in place to monitor intubation frequency, indications, methods used, operator characteristics, first-pass success, and adverse event rates. There are no published data on the frequency of success or complications of emergency airway management in Canada. An airway registry would be a valuable quality improvement (QI) tool for assessing the impact of practice changes such as
... ges such as pre-intubation checklists and for identifying patients with "difficult airways." We describe the development and implementation of an airway registry in a Canadian tertiary-care centre. Methods: We created a collaborative working group with staff from EM, ICU, Respiratory Therapy (RT), and Privacy. An airway data form was created. Over a 3 month trial period, the form was completed by RTs following each non-OR intubation. At our centre, RTs are present at every intubation outside of the OR. If a patient was intubated outside of the hospital, forms were completed using verbal handover. RTs also provided constructive feedback and after 3 months the form was revised and finalized. Medical student volunteers entered data from the forms and from chart reviews into a secure online database created for this purpose. Results: We have enrolled 373 patients over the first 5 months with ongoing enrolment at the time of abstract submission. The airway form captures the seniority and discipline of the intubator, preparation, technique, and any airway manoeuvres that were used. The form also captures Cormack-Lehane airway grading, confirmation techniques, complications, and the option to identify the patient as a "Difficult Airway." Privacy permission was granted to include patient identifiers in the airway registry so that additional information from chart reviews could be obtained at a later date. Preliminary results will be presented at the conference. Conclusion: Our airway registry tracks intubation performance and may identify factors associated with adverse patient outcomes, which could prompt system-wide changes. Comparison of intubation performance to other Canadian institutions may be possible if similar airway registries are implemented. The development and implementation of an airway registry requires multi-disciplinary collaboration, engagement, and user feedback.