Heterogeneous reaction of HO2 with airborne TiO2 particles and its implication for climate change mitigation strategies

Daniel R. Moon, Giorgio S. Taverna, Clara Anduix-Canto, Trevor Ingham, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Paul W. Seakins, Maria-Teresa Baeza-Romero, Dwayne E. Heard
2017 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
One geoengineering mitigation strategy for global temperature rises resulting from the increased concentrations of greenhouse gases is to inject particles into the stratosphere to scatter solar radiation back to space, with TiO<sub>2</sub> particles emerging as a possible candidate. Uptake coefficients of HO<sub>2</sub>, <i>γ</i>(HO<sub>2</sub>), onto sub-micrometre TiO<sub>2</sub> particles were measured at room temperature and different relative humidities (RH) using an atmospheric pressure
more » ... rosol flow tube coupled to a sensitive HO<sub>2</sub> detector. Values of <i>γ</i>(HO<sub>2</sub>) increased from 0.021&amp;thinsp;±&amp;thinsp;0.001 to 0.036&amp;thinsp;±&amp;thinsp;0.007 as the RH was increased from 11&amp;thinsp;% to 66&amp;thinsp;%, and the increase in <i>γ</i>(HO<sub>2</sub>) correlated with the number of monolayers of water surrounding the TiO<sub>2</sub> particles. The impact of the uptake of HO<sub>2</sub> onto TiO<sub>2</sub> particles on stratospheric concentrations of HO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> was simulated using the TOMCAT three-dimensional chemical transport model. The model showed that by injecting the amount of TiO<sub>2</sub> required to achieve the same cooling effect as the Mt. Pinatubo eruption, heterogeneous reactions between HO<sub>2</sub> and TiO<sub>2</sub> would have a negligible effect on stratospheric concentrations of HO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub>.
doi:10.5194/acp-2017-439 fatcat:crryajqxtjdvhhx2v7csx7ajzq