Discrete Hopfield neural network based indoor Wi-Fi localization using CSI

Xiaochao Dang, Xuhao Tang, Zhanjun Hao, Jiaju Ren
2020 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
The fingerprint indoor localization method based on channel state information (CSI) has gained widespread attention. However, this method fails to provide a better localization effect and higher localization accuracy due to poor fingerprint accuracy, unsatisfactory classification and matching effect, and vulnerability to environmental impacts. In order to solve the problem, this paper proposes a CSI fingerprint indoor localization method based on the Discrete Hopfield Neural Network (DHNN). The
more » ... Network (DHNN). The method mainly consists of off-line and on-line phases. At the off-line phase, a low-pass filter is applied to conduct a preliminary processing on the fingerprint information of each reference point, and then, phase difference is adopted to correct the fingerprint data of all reference points. In this way, the quality of fingerprint data is improved, hence avoiding problems such as indoor environmental changes and multipath effect of signals, etc. in which impact the fingerprint data. Finally, the characteristic fingerprint database is established after acquiring relatively accurate fingerprint data. At the on-line phase, to maintain the consistency of data, the data of each reference point in the fingerprint database is set as an attractor. Meanwhile, the localization information of the test point is processed to make convergence judgment through DHNN. Eventually, the localization result is obtained. The experimental results show that the localization accuracy with a median error of 1.6 m can be achieved through the proposed method in the experimental environment. Compared with similar methods, it has a higher stability which can significantly reduce the cost of manpower and time.
doi:10.1186/s13638-020-01692-7 fatcat:l5kil34xwfcojbpoukojfmeokm