(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Eric Borguet
The distinct structure and dynamics of interfacial water are due to a break in the extended hydrogen bonding network present in bulk water. At solid-aqueous interfaces, the presence of surface charge, which induces a static electric field, and the electrolytes, which are present in most naturally relevant systems, can additionally perturb the hydrogen bonding environment due to polarization. The interplay between the surface-charge-induced electric field and the ions in changing the structure
more » ... interfacial water has important consequences in the chemistry of processes ranging from protein-water interactions to mineral-water reactivity in oil recovery. Accessing information about the first few layers of water at buried interfaces is challenging. Vibrational sum-frequency generation (vSFG) spectroscopy is a powerful technique to study exclusively the interfacial region and is used here to investigate the role of interfacial solvent structure on surface reactivity. It is known that the rate of quartz dissolution increases on addition of salt at neat water pH. The reason for this enhancement was hypothesized to be a consequence of perturbations in interfacial water structure. The vSFG spectra, which is a measure of ordering in the interfacial water structure, shows an enhanced effect of salt (NaCl) at neat pH 6~8. The trend in the effect of salt on vSFG spectra versus the bulk pH is remarkably consistent with the enhancement of rate of quartz dissolution, providing the first experimental correlation between interfacial water structure and silica dissolution. If salt alters the structure of interfacial water, it must affect the vibrational energy transfer pathways of water, which is extremely fast in bulk water (~130 fs). Thus far, the role of ions on the vibrational dynamics of water at charged surfaces has been limited to the screening effects and reduction in the depth of the region that contributes to vSFG. Here, we measure the ultrafast vibrational relaxation of the O-H stretch of water at silica at different bu [...]
doi:10.34944/dspace/2760 fatcat:j6eke4hkezebpglun534o2kcem