Violations of the Kerr and Reissner-Nordström bounds: Horizon versus asymptotic quantities

Jorge F. M. Delgado, Carlos A. R. Herdeiro, Eugen Radu
2016 Physical Review D  
A central feature of the most elementary rotating black hole (BH) solution in General Relativity is the Kerr bound, which, for vacuum Kerr BHs, can be expressed either in terms of the ADM or the horizon "charges". This bound, however, is not a fundamental properties of General Relativity and stationary, asymptotically flat, regular (on and outside an event horizon) BHs are known to violate the Kerr bound, both in terms of their ADM and horizon quantities. Examples include the recently
more » ... Kerr BHs with scalar or Proca hair. Here, we point the fact that the Kerr bound in terms of horizon quantities is also violated by well-known rotating and charged solutions, known in closed form, such as the Kerr-Newman and Kerr-Sen BHs. For the former, moreover, we observe that the Reissner-Nordstrom (RN) bound is also violated in terms of horizon quantities, even in the static (i.e RN) limit. For the latter, by contrast, the existence of charged matter outside the horizon, allows a curious invariance of the charge to mass ratio, between ADM and horizon quantities. Regardless of the Kerr bound violation, we show that in all case, the event horizon linear velocity never exceeds the speed of light. Finally, we suggest a new type of informative parameterization for BH spacetimes where part of the asymptotic charges is supported outside the horizon.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.94.024006 fatcat:sy5bnp3khjf3tcsm7hrszgakvi