Elseya lavarackorum (White and Archer 1994) – Gulf Snapping Turtle, Gulf Snapper, Riversleigh Snapping Turtle, Lavarack's Turtle [chapter]

Alastair Freeman, Scott Thomson, John Cann
2014 Chelonian Research Monographs  
The Gulf Snapping Turtle, Elseya lavarackorum (Family Chelidae), is a medium to large-sized short-necked turtle (carapace length to ca. 350 mm, potentially to 500 mm), endemic to a small area of northern Australia in the vicinity of the Queensland -Northern Territory border. The species inhabits deep pools on permanently flowing spring-fed waterways in the upper to middle reaches of rivers, reaching its highest densities adjacent to intact native riparian vegetation. Adult E. lavarackorum are
more » ... lavarackorum are almost exclusively herbivorous, feeding predominantly on fruit, leaves, and algae. The species nests in the dry season (May-July), with a clutch size that varies from 6 to 9 eggs. Nests are laid in fine sand or alluvial substrate on banks close to the water. Primary threats are thought to be feral pig predation on nests and degradation of native riparian vegetation by weeds and fire. Large females, in particular, are subject to harvesting by traditional landowners, but this is not presently considered a significant conservation threat. distribution. -Australia. The species has a limited distribution in the upper and middle reaches of the Gregory-Nicholson and Calvert catchments, with unconfirmed reports from the Robinson River in northwest Queensland and northeastern Northern Territory. synonymy. -Emydura lavarackorum White and Archer 1994, Elseya lavarackorum, Elseya dentata lavarackorum. subspecies. -None currently known.
doi:10.3854/crm.5.082.lavarackorum.v1.2014 fatcat:6wscpuwchrhg5j74rxt7wcmkqy