Calibration of Soil Available Nitrogen and Water Content with Grain Yield of Dry land Wheat

V. Feiziasl, A. Fotovat, A. Astaraei, A. Lakzian, M.A. Mousavi Shalmani, A. Khorasani
2017 Majallah-i āb va Khāk  
Nitrogen (N) is one of the most important growth-limiting nutrients for dryland wheat. Mineral nitrogen or ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3−) are two common forms of inorganic nitrogen that can serve as limiting factors for plant growth. Nitrogen fertilization in dryland area can increase the use of soil moisture, and improve wheat yields to some extent. Many researchers have been confirmed interactions between water stress and nitrogen fertilizers on wheat, especially under field conditions.
more » ... cause of water stress affects forms of nitrogen uptake that leads to disorder in plant metabolism, reduction in grain yield and crop quality in dryland condition. On the other hand, use of suitable methods for determining nitrogen requirement can increase dryland wheat production. However, nitrogen recommendations should be based on soil profile content or precipitation. An efficient method for nitrogen fertilizer recommendation involves choosing an effective soil extractant and calibrating soil nitrogen (Total N, NO3− andNH4+) tests against yield responses to applied nitrogen in field experiments. Soil testing enables initial N supply to be measured and N supply throughout the season due to mineralization to be estimated. This study was carried out to establish relationship between nitrogen forms (Total N, NO3− andNH4+) in soil and soil profile water content with plant response for recommendation of nitrogen fertilizer. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in split-split plot in a RCBD in Dryland Agricultural Research Institute (DARI), Maragheh, Iranwhere N application times (fall, 2/3 in fall and 1/3 in spring) were assigned to the main plots, N rates to sub plot (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg/ha), and 7 dryland wheat genotypes to sub-sub plots (Azar2, Ohadi, Rasad and 1-4 other genotypes) in three replications in 2010-2011. Soil samples were collected from 0-20, 20-40, 40-60 and 60-80 cm in sub-sub plots in shooting stage (ZGS32). Ammonium measurement in the soil KCl extracts was down by spectrophotome [...]
doi:10.22067/jsw.v0i0.36954 doaj:5a9d958bd16d42a49beef6716533d82b fatcat:r6tm6klq7nhprbutfiswa4lsxu