COI metabarcoding primer choice affects richness and recovery of indicator taxa in freshwater systems [article]

Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Teresita M Porter, Michael Wright, Josip Rudar
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
DNA-based biodiversity analysis has gained major attention due to the use of high throughput sequencing technology in approaches such as mixed community or environmental DNA metabarcoding. Many cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) primer sets are now available for such work. The purpose of this study is to look at how COI primer choice affects the recovery of arthropod richness, beta diversity, and recovery of site indicator taxa in benthos kick-net samples typically used in freshwater
more » ... ring. We examine 6 commonly used COI primer sets, on samples collected from 6 freshwater sites. Richness is sensitive to primer choice and the combined use of additional multiple COI amplicons recovers higher richness. Thus, to recover maximum richness, multiple primer sets should be used with COI metabarcoding. Samples consistently cluster by site regardless of amplicon choice or PCR replicate. Thus, for broadscale community analyses, overall beta diversity patterns are robust to COI marker choice. Additionally, the recovery of traditional freshwater bioindicator assemblages such as Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, Plectoptera, and Diptera may not fully capture the diversity of broadscale arthropod site indicators that can be recovered from COI metabarcoding. Based on these results, studies that use different COI amplicons may not be directly comparable. This work will help future biodiversity and biomonitoring studies develop not just standardized, but optimized workflows that maximize taxon-detection or order taxa along gradients.
doi:10.1101/572628 fatcat:452t7uugpbfe7iog4q6znl6v4u