Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women in Urmia, Iran

Zakieh Rostamzadeh Khameneh, Haleh Hanifian, Alireza Rostamzadeh
2016 International Journal of Enteric Pathogens  
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasitic protozoan, capable of infecting a wide range of warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Infection with T. gondii can be life threatening in immunocompromised people. Moreover, infection with T. gondii during pregnancy can lead to severe problems for fetus. Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the seroepidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women in Urmia, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a
more » ... sectional study, a total of 156 serum samples were selected randomly from pregnant females and their anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies were screened using routine commercial ELISA kits. The probable risk factors related to toxoplasmosis were asked and collected in pregnant women of Urmia. Results: Of the 156 sera, 44 were positive for T. gondii IgG antibodies and 112 were negative. The mean age of women was 19.68 and the rate of IgM-positive cases for T. gondii infection was 2.6%. Conclusions: According to our study, Toxoplasma regular screening program in pregnant women is strongly recommended, since a considerable number of pregnant women in our area are susceptible to infection with acute T. gondii over the course of pregnancy.
doi:10.17795/ijep33350 fatcat:ebihq4dotfcgpc3qnlyxlbw4fm