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Objective The application of robotic surgery for rectal cancer is increasing steadily. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare pathologic outcomes among patients with rectal cancer who underwent open rectal surgery (ORS) versus robotic rectal surgery (RRS). Methods We systematically searched the literature of EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized controlled trials (nRCTs) comparing ORS with RRS. Results Fourteen nRCTs, includingdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0245154 pmid:33439912 fatcat:zw2tksvxwveldgrheoh4vtjmje