Ship Detection in Multispectral Satellite Images Under Complex Environment

Xiaoyang Xie, Bo Li, Xingxing Wei
2020 Remote Sensing  
Ship detection in multispectral remote-sensing images is critical in marine surveillance applications. The previously proposed ship-detection methods for multispectral satellite imagery usually work well under ideal conditions. When meeting complex environments such as shadows, mists, or clouds, they fail to detect ships. To solve this problem, we propose a novel spectral-reflectance-based ship-detection method. Research has shown that different materials have unique reflectance curves in the
more » ... me spectral wavelength range. Based on this observation, we present a new feature using the reflectance gradient across multispectral bands. Moreover, we propose a neural network called lightweight fusion networks (LFNet). This network combines the aforementioned reflectance and the color information of multispectral images to jointly verify the regions with ships. The method utilizes a coarse-to-fine detection framework because of the large-sense-sparse-targets situation in remote-sensing images. In the coarse stage, the proposed reflectance feature vector is used to input the classifier to rule out the regions without ships. In fine detection, the LFNet is used to verify true ships. Compared with some traditional methods that merely depend on appearance features in images, the proposed method takes advantage of employing the reflectance variance in objects between each band as additional information. Extensive experiments have been conducted on multispectral images from four satellites under different weather and environmental conditions to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method. The results show that our method can still achieve good performance even under harsh weather conditions.
doi:10.3390/rs12050792 fatcat:dlcpu5ix6zfk5dao5juiyegsjq