Calcium and Vitamin-D supplementation on bone structural properties in young male Jockeys: A randomised controlled trial

Leslie Silk
"Introduction: Young male jockeys compromise bone health by engaging in caloric restriction and high volumes of physical activity during periods of musculoskeletal growth and development. Failure to attain peak bone mass (PBM) during growth can have adverse short and long term musculoskeletal effects, with numerous studies demonstrating inferior bone health in jockey populations. However, no study to date has addressed counteracting the deleterious effects that participation in this sport has
more » ... in this sport has on bone health. The purpose of this six-month double-blind randomised placebo controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of 800mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D daily supplementation on improving bone mineral properties at the tibia (weight-bearing) and radius (non-weight-bearing) using peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) and blood-borne markers of bone turnover. Three inter-related studies were designed following the findings of a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the effects of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in healthy males. Study one examined the effect that the protocol had on markers of bone metabolism and bone properties of the radius. Study two was designed to investigate the impact of six months supplementation on weight-bearing bone while study three further explored alterations to radial and polar cortical bone properties at the tibial mid-shaft following the clinical trial. Methods: Twenty-nine male jockeys (age=20.18 ± 3.23yrs) were originally recruited to the study with 17 completing the intervention. Bone properties at the ultra-distal (4%) and proximal (66%) radius and tibia using pQCT and serum vitamin D, Procollagen type 1 N propeptide (P1NP) and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) were assessed at baseline and six months. Bone properties at the 66% tibial site were further analysed using BoneJ pQCT distribution plug-in. Polar and radial volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) was measured in 36, ten degree cortical sectors (polar) and thr [...]
doi:10.4226/66/5a9cc634b0bc1 fatcat:c2ytseq4nrfp3kxloontj5oxei