N-body models of rotating globular clusters

A. Ernst, P. Glaschke, J. Fiestas, A. Just, R. Spurzem
2007 Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  
We have studied the dynamical evolution of rotating globular clusters with direct N-body models. Our initial models are rotating King models; we obtained results for both equal-mass systems and systems composed out of two mass components. Previous investigations using a Fokker-Planck solver have revealed that rotation has a noticeable influence on stellar systems like globular clusters, which evolve by two-body relaxation. In particular, it accelerates their dynamical evolution through the
more » ... gyro instability. We have validated the occurence of the gravogyro instability with direct N-body models. In the case of systems composed out of two mass components, mass segregation takes place, which competes with the rotation in the acceleration of the core collapse. The "accelerating" effect of rotation has not been detected in our isolated two-mass N-body models. Last, but not least, we have looked at rotating N-body models in a tidal field within the tidal approximation. It turns out that rotation increases the escape rate significantly. A difference between retrograde and prograde rotating star clusters occurs with respect to the orbit of the star cluster around the Galaxy, which is due to the presence of a "third integral" and chaotic scattering, respectively.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.11602.x fatcat:5263egxjsrdyzdvpukoftkbvga