PROFILE OF OCULAR TRAUMA IN A TERTIARY EYE HOSPITAL IN ANDHRA PRADESH
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences
BACKGROUND The aim is to study aetiopathogenesis and various modes of ocular injuries and their management and outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was conducted on 181 patients attending OPD or referred to our hospital with primary diagnosis of ocular trauma. Patients were thoroughly evaluated and treated appropriately. RESULTS Out of 181 patients, 114 (62.8%) were male and 67 (37.2%) were female. Average age of patients was found to be 31.6 years. Farmers formed the largest
... rt of patients (23.75%). Most common site of injury was road traffic accidents (28.72%). Maximum number of patients (63.53%) were found to be in 21-40 years age group. 95% of the patients in our study did not use any protective eye wear. Open globe injury was seen in 98 (56%) patients. Traumatic cataract was the most common complication (24.38%). Visual acuity at presentation was found to be significantly associated with final visual prognosis. CONCLUSION Extensive health education campaign is necessary to reduce the burden of visual morbidity and ensure prevention and early treatment. BACKGROUND Ocular trauma is a significant cause of visual loss, especially in lower socioeconomic strata and underdeveloped countries. The effects of such injuries are much more severe than in any other part of the body, partly because of delicacy of the ocular tissues and partly because a trauma which elsewhere would cause little and temporary inconvenience, can readily result in permanent blindness. Ocular injuries therefore have a huge social and economic impact leading to human unhappiness, economic insufficiency and monetary loss. Ocular trauma is an important cause of preventable monocular blindness and visual impairment in the world. (1, 2, 3) Aim To study aetiopathogenesis and various modes of ocular injuries, age and sex incidence of ocular injuries, management and outcome of ocular injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cases of ocular injuries attending our hospital were studied. Nature of injuries, aetiopathogenesis, age and sex incidence are analysed. Management and outcome were tabulated.