Le terme accidentia chez les grammairiens romains [chapter]

Vladimir I. Mazhuga
2020 Zenodo  
This chapter deals with the custom of Latin grammarians of introducing the attributes of the parts of speech with the verb accident (3rd person plural), as well as with the use of the nominalized participle plural accidentia. Contrary to the most widespread view, this chapter demonstrates an early development of the usage in question from Greek rhetorical doctrines of the 1st century BC. The teachings and writings of Theodore of Gadara, Cornelius Celsus and Pliny the Elder had a crucial impact
more » ... d a crucial impact on the development of this usage. One does not need to search for its origin in the hypothetical grammatical vocabulary of the Stoics or in treatises on Greek grammar. Similar customs also appeared in response to the new needs of school teaching in Greek grammatical doctrine, although somewhat later. The Greek analogy to the Latin terms were the plural noun τὰ παρεπόμενα and the verb παρέπομαι, which were borrowed from the sophistic dialectic at the time of the flourishing Second Sophistic. Apollonius Dyscolus contributed much to the initial introduction of the terms in question into school textbooks on Greek grammar.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4269407 fatcat:m27z5fzaufhnhkvuzyrc5ipmc4