Multimodal radar sensing for ambient assisted living

Haobo Li
Data acquired from health and behavioural monitoring of daily life activities can be exploited to provide real-time medical and nursing service with affordable cost and higher efficiency. A variety of sensing technologies for this purpose have been developed and presented in the literature, for instance, wearable IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) to measure acceleration and angular speed of the person, cameras to record the images or video sequence, PIR (Pyroelectric infrared) sensor to detect
more » ... presence of the person based on Pyroelectric Effect, and radar to estimate distance and radial velocity of the person. Each sensing technology has pros and cons, and may not be optimal for the tasks. It is possible to leverage the strength of all these sensors through information fusion in a multimodal fashion. The fusion can take place at three different levels, namely, i) signal level where commensurate data are combined, ii) feature level where feature vectors of different sensors are concatenated and iii) decision level where confidence level or prediction label of classifiers are used to generate a new output. For each level, there are different fusion algorithms, the key challenge here is mainly on choosing the best existing fusion algorithm and developing novel fusion algorithms that more suitable for the current application. The fundamental contribution of this thesis is therefore exploring possible information fusion between radar, primarily FMCW (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave) radar, and wearable IMU, between distributed radar sensors, and between UWB impulse radar and pressure sensor array. The objective is to sense and classify daily activities patterns, gait styles and micro-gestures as well as producing early warnings of high-risk events such as falls. Initially, only "snapshot" activities (single activity within a short X-s measurement) have been collected and analysed for verifying the accuracy improvement due to information fusion. Then continuous activities (activities that are performed one after [...]
doi:10.5525/gla.thesis.82039 fatcat:dizqb22p3zgd7o55mt3ao7m2q4