Multilevel Environmental Governance: Vertical and Horizontal Influences in Local Policy Networks

Yi, Huang, Chen, Xu, Liu
2019 Sustainability  
In the context of multilevel governance, collaboration among governmental and non-governmental entities across different levels of government is increasingly popular in China's environmental governance. Policy actors are engaged in two types of collaboration with other local governments: horizontal and vertical collaboration. Policy actors participate in horizontal collaboration when they work with entities at the same level, and in vertical collaboration when working with governments at
more » ... vernments at different levels. This study examines multilevel environmental governance in China by studying how the decisions of policy actors to participate in local water governance networks are influenced by vertical pressures from higher level government and horizontal influences from other policy actors at the same level. We approach the research questions in the empirical context of local water governance in Dongguan city of Guangdong Province. With survey data collected from 31 municipal departments, 32 town governments, nine water-related private businesses and five NGOs, we tested the hypotheses with Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regressions. The results indicate that vertical pressure and horizontal brokerage are both drivers for participation in the local water governance network.
doi:10.3390/su11082390 fatcat:erbhtqsivfev5gdiuprhe67454