Application of 3D modeling and printing technology in accurate resection of complicated thoracic tumors

Deli Tan, Jie Yao, Xing Hua, Jingyao Li, Zhou Xu, Yi Wu, Wei Wu
2020 Annals of Translational Medicine  
To explore the application value of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and 3D printing in preoperative evaluation of precise resection of complicated thoracic tumors. A retrospective analysis of 34 patients with complicated thoracic tumors who were treated by radical surgery from March 2016 to June 2019 was made. According to whether 3D reconstruction and 3D printing was used, the patients were divided into research group and control group. In the control group, preoperative evaluation was
more » ... rformed according to CT image data, and the operation plan was drawn up; in the research group, preoperative simulation and preoperative operation plan design were carried out according to 3D reconstruction and 3D printing technology. The operation time, change of operation approach, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization time and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. We also retrospectively reviewed additional 12 cases of unresectable complicated thoracic tumors. The above 34 patients who were treated by radical surgery were set as the resectable group. Three-dimensional reconstruction was performed for all cases. The tumor size, location, smoothness of tumor-vascular contact surface, close contact with adjacent organs were compared between these two groups. The 3D reconstruction and 3D printing model were successfully established. The indexes of operation time, change of incision approach and blood loss in the research group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). All the patients were followed up for 6 months, and there was no death, no tumor recurrence and metastasis in the two groups. In the unresectable group, the score of position and smoothness of tumor-vascular contact surface were significantly higher than that in the resectable group. 3D reconstruction and 3D printing can effectively help surgeons carry out accurate surgical treatment, reduce the operation time and bleeding, reduce the risk of surgery, and facilitate the postoperative rehabilitation of patients, which has the value of promotion and application.
doi:10.21037/atm-20-1791 pmid:33313087 pmcid:PMC7723599 fatcat:pjmiyodllbd7dgbkhh6nwknnla