Outside-Obstacle Representations with All Vertices on the Outer Face [article]

Oksana Firman, Philipp Kindermann, Jonathan Klawitter, Boris Klemz, Felix Klesen, Alexander Wolff
2022 arXiv   pre-print
An obstacle representation of a graph G consists of a set of polygonal obstacles and a drawing of G as a visibility graph with respect to the obstacles: vertices are mapped to points and edges to straight-line segments such that each edge avoids all obstacles whereas each non-edge intersects at least one obstacle. Obstacle representations have been investigated quite intensely over the last few years. Here we focus on outside-obstacle representations (OORs) that use only one obstacle in the
more » ... r face of the drawing. It is known that every outerplanar graph admits such a representation [Alpert, Koch, Laison; DCG 2010]. We strengthen this result by showing that every (partial) 2-tree has an OOR. We also consider restricted versions of OORs where the vertices of the graph lie on a convex polygon or a regular polygon. We characterize when the complement of a tree and when a complete graph minus a simple cycle admits a convex OOR. We construct regular OORs for all (partial) outerpaths, cactus graphs, and grids.
arXiv:2202.13015v3 fatcat:5teo2yhem5bs7buhc5uvhvg5fu