Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor with Peritoneal Metastasis through a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Yoshihiro YAMAMOTO, Katsuzo KUNISHIO, Masakazu SUGA, Norio SUNAMI, Yuji YAMAMOTO, Hiroshi SONOBE
1989 Neurologia medico-chirurgica  
A 13-month-old boy admitted with lethargy and hydrocephalus was found to have a right thalamic mass. Ventricular drainage was instituted, and the tumor mass was reduced by partial resection and local irradiation. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was then placed. However, the tumor recurred 16 months later, with extensive ventricular seeding and peritoneal metastasis through the shunt tube. The child died 22 months after onset. Histological study of surgical specimens of the primary tumor and
more » ... specimens of the brain and peritoneal metastatic tumors revealed poor ly differentiated, small, round cells with numerous mitotic figures. In addition, autopsy specimens of the brain tumor contained areas of ependymal, oligodendroblastic, and spongioblastic differen tiation. On immunohistochemical study, the tumor cells of each specimen were positive for anti neuron specific enolase and anti-neurofilament antibodies, but negative for anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein antibodies. Electron microscopy revealed some zonulae adherens. These findings strongly suggest that the tumor originated from primitive multipotential cells capable of differen tiating into ependymal, glial, and neuronal lines.
doi:10.2176/nmc.29.1137 pmid:2484194 fatcat:soboe5gg7zdrtjerxsv7tabhhm