Volume Integral Equation-Based Diakoptic Method for Electromagnetic Modeling
IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques
A novel diakoptic method based on volume integral equation (VIE) modeling of subsystems is proposed for 3-D electromagnetic analysis. The theoretical foundation of the method are the surface and volume equivalence principles, as it combines the VIE and surface integral equation (SIE) formulations, in conjunction with the method of moments (MoM). The method breaks the original structure into a number of non-overlapping closed-region subsystems that contain inhomogeneous dielectric materials and
... n open-region subsystem. Each subsystem is analyzed completely independently applying the double-higherorder large-domain Galerkin generalized MoM-VIE-SIE (VSIE) or MoM-SIE solvers. The final solution is obtained from diakoptic matrices expressing linear relations between the electric and magnetic equivalent surface current coefficients on diakoptic surfaces. The proposed VSIE-diakoptic method is validated, evaluated, and discussed in several characteristic examples. The examples demonstrate that the diakoptic method substantially increases the efficiency of the conventional MoM-VIE approach. When compared to the pure MoM-VIE double-higher-order technique, the diakoptic approach enables very considerable accelerations and memory savings, while fully preserving the accuracy of the analysis. Index Terms-Numerical techniques, electromagnetic analysis, diakoptic analysis, volume integral equation, surface equivalence principle, method of moments, domain decomposition, higher order modeling.