Geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic variations in the investigation and management of coronary heart disease in Scotland

M C M MacLeod, A R Finlayson, J P Pell, I N Findlay
1999 Heart  
Objective-To determine whether age, sex, level of deprivation, and area of residence aVect the likelihood of investigation and treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. Design, patients, and interventions-Routine discharge data were used to identify patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1991 and 1993 inclusive. Record linkage provided the proportion undergoing angiography, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and coronary artery bypass
more » ... ng (CABG) over the following two years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether age, sex, deprivation, and area of residence were independently associated with progression to investigation and revascularisation. Setting-Mainland Scotland 1991 to 1995 inclusive. Main outcome measures-Two year incidence of angiography, PTCA, and CABG. Results-36 838 patients were admitted with AMI. 4831 (13%) underwent angiography, 587 (2%) PTCA, and 1825 (5%) CABG. Women were significantly less likely to undergo angiography (p < 0.001) and CABG (p < 0.001) but more likely to undergo PTCA (p < 0.05). Older patients were less likely to undergo all three procedures (p < 0.001). Socioeconomic deprivation was associated with a reduced likelihood of both angiography and CABG (p < 0.001). There were significant geographic variations in all three modalities (p < 0.001). Conclusion-Variations in investigation and management were demonstrated by age, sex, geography, and socioeconomic deprivation. These are unlikely to be accounted for by diVerences in need; diVerences in clinical practice are, therefore, likely. (Heart 1999;81:252-256)
doi:10.1136/hrt.81.3.252 fatcat:h7ctdoqcdrcepequenapnkw57y