Case Report Congenital multiple intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: an autopsy case

Seishiro Takahashi, Eriko Yoshida, Yasushi Sakanishi, Norihiro Tohyama, Ayse Ayhan, Hiroshi Ogawa
2014 Int J Clin Exp Pathol   unpublished
Multiple intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPSS) without portal hypertension, now thought to be congenital in origin, is very rare. The presence of IPSS, unlike other congenital diseases, may not be recognized for several decades due to the time it takes to develop hepatic encephalopathy. In this article, we report an autopsy case of an 80-year-old Japanese woman with a one-month history of hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Radiological examination of the liver revealed some abnormal connections
more » ... ormal connections between the branches of the portal veins and the hepatic veins, but the cause of the aberrant blood flow was not found. The cause of death was extensive cerebral infarction due to thromboembolism. At postmortem examination, multiple anomalous blood vessels were identified histologi-cally in both lobes of the non-cirrhotic liver. In comparison with the few similar cases existing in the literature, this case should be diagnosed as congenital IPSS. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed histological study of IPSS, as several autopsy case reports exist but their histological descriptions are poor. Unlike past reports, the shunt vessels were accompanied by clear elastic lamellae that were microscopically observed. In addition to shunt vessels, septal fibrosis, disorder of hepatic acinar structure, and sinusoidal dilatation and capillarization were observed in the liver. We suggest that these histological modifications observed in the circumference of the shunt vessels acted as secondary regenerative/hyperplastic changes based on blood-flow imbalance caused by the IPSS.