FULLY INTEGRATED FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZERS: A TUTORIAL

Sung Tae Moon, Ari Yakov Valero-López, Edgar Sánchez-Sinencio
2005 International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems  
Frequency synthesizer is a key building block of fully-integrated wireless communications systems. Design of a frequency synthesizer (FS) requires the understanding of not only the circuit-level but also of the transceiver system-level considerations. The FS design challenge involves strong trade-offs, and often conflicting requirements. In this tutorial, the general implementation issues and recent developments of frequency synthesizer design are discussed. Simplified design approach should
more » ... vide readers with sufficient intuition for fast design and troubleshooting capability. Open problems in this FS field are briefly discussed.
doi:10.1142/s0129156405003235 fatcat:lma5m4s6bvhpzklsn4hpmobzsy