A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2007; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
Frequency synthesizer is a key building block of fully-integrated wireless communications systems. Design of a frequency synthesizer (FS) requires the understanding of not only the circuit-level but also of the transceiver system-level considerations. The FS design challenge involves strong trade-offs, and often conflicting requirements. In this tutorial, the general implementation issues and recent developments of frequency synthesizer design are discussed. Simplified design approach shoulddoi:10.1142/s0129156405003235 fatcat:lma5m4s6bvhpzklsn4hpmobzsy