Deep neural network models for identifying incident dementia using claims and EHR datasets

Vijay S. Nori, Christopher A. Hane, Yezhou Sun, William H. Crown, Paul A. Bleicher, Kewei Chen
2020 PLoS ONE  
This study investigates the use of deep learning methods to improve the accuracy of a predictive model for dementia, and compares the performance to a traditional machine learning model. With sufficient accuracy the model can be deployed as a first round screening tool for clinical follow-up including neurological examination, neuropsychological testing, imaging and recruitment to clinical trials. Seven cohorts with two years of data, three to eight years prior to index date, and an incident
more » ... ort were created. Four trained models for each cohort, boosted trees, feed forward network, recurrent neural network and recurrent neural network with pre-trained weights, were constructed and their performance compared using validation and test data. The incident model had an AUC of 94.4% and F1 score of 54.1%. Eight years removed from index date the AUC and F1 scores were 80.7% and 25.6%, respectively. The results for the remaining cohorts were between these ranges. Deep learning models can result in significant improvement in performance but come at a cost in terms of run times and hardware requirements. The results of the model at index date indicate that this modeling can be effective at stratifying patients at risk of dementia. At this time, the inability to sustain this quality at longer lead times is more an issue of data availability and quality rather than one of algorithm choices.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0236400 pmid:32970677 fatcat:hkbiqi57tzbopfmofgib4oip4u