Review: Laser-Ablation Propulsion

Claude Phipps, Mitat Birkan, Willy Bohn, Hans-Albert Eckel, Hideyuki Horisawa, Thomas Lippert, Max Michaelis, Yuri Rezunkov, Akihiro Sasoh, Wolfgang Schall, Stefan Scharring, John Sinko
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Propulsion and Power</a> </i> &nbsp;
Laboratory for two years and, since 1974, as a Senior Research Staff Member in the Advanced Optical Systems Group at Los Alamos (LANL). There, he conducted a research program on mechanical and thermal coupling of pulsed lasers to targets using high-energy-laser facilities in the United States and United Kingdom, and he developed a model for vacuum laser impulse prediction. From 1994 to 1995, he was Associate Director of the Alliance for Photonic Technology at LANL. In 1995, he formed Photonic
more &raquo; ... sociates, which is devoted to applications of laser space propulsion. He is the author of 110 papers and 40 invited talks and an editor of a book on laser ablation, and he has been the organizer and chair of seven symposia on high-power laser ablation. He is a Governing Board Member of the American Institute of Beamed Energy Propulsion, which gave him its lifetime achievement award in 2005. He is a Senior Member of the AIAA. Mitat A. Birkan is the program manager of the Space Propulsion and Power Program at the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research. He is responsible for the U.S. Air Force basic research program in space propulsion, ensuring the excellence and relevance of a broad research portfolio. The research includes electric propulsion, chemical rocket propulsion, and plume signature characterization and contamination. Dr. Birkan is widely known for his contributions in the areas of two-phase combusting flows, perturbation techniques, and mathematical modeling of detonations and explosions. Dr. Birkan has authored more than 25 technical papers in the areas of combustion and space propulsion. Max Michaelis received his D.Phil. from Oxford University in 1973. He has taught physics at the University of Natal for a quarter of a century. His laser group researched such topics as the refractive fringe diagnostic of laserproduced plasmas and shock waves in air. They invented two new gas lenses: the colliding shock lens and the flame lens. An atmospheric lidar was installed and operated for several years. At Pelindaba (Atomic Energy Commission) laser propulsion experiments were conducted with a kilowatt CO 2 laser. Similar experiments are planned at the National Laser Centre. Dr. Michaelis originated simulations of physical phenomena such as shock waves with magnetic pucks. A coupled-oscillations toy known as the Maxnet was marketed. Yuri Rezunkov graduated from Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1977. He holds an Sc.D. He has published over 70 scientific papers on laser physics, including such topics as laser radiation propagation through the atmosphere, laser propulsion, and phase conjugation as applied to a laser beam control system. His publications are devoted to solving such problems as increasing of the delivery efficiency of laser energy through the atmosphere on the basis of the development of laser beam control techniques, development of the efficient laser propulsion engines, and laser systems to control lightning. At present, Dr. Rezunkov concentrates his research in the development of picosecond CO 2 lasers for application of the lasers in the field of monitoring in new materials, environment, and defense. 610 PHIPPS ET AL.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.2514/1.43733</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:ynh4ksefzzegxa3xmpstadw3py</a> </span>
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