Expression Level of Valosin-Containing Protein (p97) Is Associated with Prognosis of Esophageal Carcinoma

S. Yamamoto
2004 Clinical Cancer Research  
Purpose: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) frequently shows a poor prognosis because of the occurrence of systemic metastasis, mainly via lymphatic vessels. Valosin-containing protein (VCP) has been shown to be associated with antiapoptotic function and metastasis via activation of the nuclear factor-B signaling pathway. In the present study, we examined the association of VCP with the recurrence and prognosis of ESCC. Experimental Design: VCP expression in 156 ESCC patients [139 males
more » ... nd 17 females; age range, 38 -82 (median, 60) years] was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Staining intensity in tumor cells was categorized as weaker (level 1) or equal to or stronger (level 2) than that in endothelial cells. The correlation of VCP expression between the mRNA and protein levels was examined in 12 patients. Results: Fifty-seven (37.3%) cases showed level 1 and 96 (62.7%) level 2 VCP expression. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed greater VCP mRNA expression in level 2 (n ‫؍‬ 6) than level 1 cases (n ‫؍‬ 6; P < 0.05). ESCC with level 2 expression showed higher rates of lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01) and deep tumor invasion (P < 0.01), and poorer disease-free and overall survival rates (P < 0.001 for both analyses) than ESCC with level 1 expression. Multivariate analysis revealed that VCP expression level is an independent prognosticator for disease-free and overall survival. Furthermore, VCP level was an indicator for disease-free survival in the early (pT 1 ) and the advanced (pT 2 -pT 4 ) stage groups. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the prognostic significance of VCP expression in ESCC.
doi:10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-0723-03 pmid:15328197 fatcat:xbkbxzbqhna7zopp2y7mcjbhzu