Inverse Modeling of Viscoelasticity Materials using Physics Constrained Learning [article]

Kailai Xu, Alexandre M. Tartakovsky, Jeff Burghardt, Eric Darve
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a novel approach to model viscoelasticity materials using neural networks, which capture rate-dependent and nonlinear constitutive relations. However, inputs and outputs of the neural networks are not directly observable, and therefore common training techniques with input-output pairs for the neural networks are inapplicable. To that end, we develop a novel computational approach to both calibrate parametric and learn neural-network-based constitutive relations of viscoelasticity
more » ... erials from indirect displacement data in the context of multi-physics interactions. We show that limited displacement data hold sufficient information to quantify the viscoelasticity behavior. We formulate the inverse computation---modeling viscoelasticity properties from observed displacement data---as a PDE-constrained optimization problem and minimize the error functional using a gradient-based optimization method. The gradients are computed by a combination of automatic differentiation and physics constrained learning. The effectiveness of our method is demonstrated through numerous benchmark problems in geomechanics and porous media transport.
arXiv:2005.04384v1 fatcat:hzjxkhatvrcbfno2rsidhiypy4