Upper Limb Self-Efficacy Test (Upset): A Measure Of Confidence In The Use Of The Upper Limb After Stroke

Auwal Abdullahi
2016 Zenodo  
Self-efficacy means the degree of one's confidence in carrying out his activities tasks or duties. Following a stroke, a survivor may lose their self-efficacy depending on the level of their impairment. There is a specific measure known as stroke selfefficacy questionnaire to measure self-efficacy in various tasks after stroke. However, there seems to be no specific upper limb selfefficacy measure after stroke. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and validate an upper limb
more » ... per limb self-efficacy test (UPSET). Method: The developed UPSET was administered alongside, SSQ, MAL (amount of use and how well) and Tinetti gait subscale on 17 stroke patients with mean age, 53.35±10.60 on the first day and 2 days after the first day. The convergent validity between UPSET and SSQ, the discriminant/ divergent validity between UPSET and MAL (amount of use and how well) and Tinetti gait subscale, and the testretest reliability between first and second UPSET measurements were determined using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Additionally, the internal consistency of UPSET was determined using Cronbach's alpha. Result: The result showed that, there was a strong correlation between UPSET and SSQ, and high test-retest reliability between UPSET measurements at first and 2 days (r>0.70 and p≤0.001). Additionally, the study showed that UPSET has good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.99). However, there were no significant correlations between UPSET and MAL (amount of use), MAL (how well) and Tinetti gait subscale (r<0.40 and p>0.001). Conclusion: The Upper Limb Self-efficacy Test (UPSET) is a valid and reliable instrument.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1308452 fatcat:7yw7b4rir5awrgfadplhzhnf5q