On resonant triad interactions of acoustic–gravity waves
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
The propagation of wave disturbances in water of uniform depth is discussed, accounting for both gravity and compressibility effects. In the linear theory, free-surface (gravity) waves are virtually decoupled from acoustic (compression) waves, because the speed of sound in water far exceeds the maximum phase speed of gravity waves. However, these two types of wave motion could exchange energy via resonant triad nonlinear interactions. This scenario is analysed for triads comprising a
... rising a long-crested acoustic mode and two oppositely propagating subharmonic gravity waves. Owing to the disparity of the gravity and acoustic length scales, the interaction time scale is longer than that of a standard resonant triad, and the appropriate amplitude evolution equations, apart from the usual quadratic interaction terms, also involve certain cubic terms. Nevertheless, it is still possible for monochromatic wavetrains to form finely tuned triads, such that nearly all the energy initially in the gravity waves is transferred to the acoustic mode. This coupling mechanism, however, is far less effective for locally confined wavepackets.