Echography analysis altered in musculoskeletal, heart and liver associated with endothelial dysfunction of obese rat
Background: Modern imaging plays a central role in the care of obese patients, with an integral focus on its use and accessibility in individuals into this condition with alterations of various organs. Objective. To perform an echographical analysis of musculoskeletal system disorders, endothelial dysfunction and the left ventricle in obese rats. Methods. Sprague Dawley rats (250±5 g) were used and divided in two groups: control group (C) fed with a standard diet, and the obese group (Ob) fed
... se group (Ob) fed with a hyper caloric diet of high fructose-fat for 4 months. Body weight, cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1) were measured. Additionally, two-dimensional echocardiography, abdominal ultrasound and musculoskeletal system studies were performed in the lower extremities.Results. Body weight in the Ob group was increased compared to the control group, (p <0.001); in addition, increased glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides were found in the Ob group vs the C group, (p<0.05), and as well as increased adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and, VCAM-1 (p<0.01). On ultrasound, 75% of the Ob group presented, showed 75% fatty liver and distal joint abnormalities. Conclusion. Endothelial dysfunction and changes at the level of the musculoskeletal system with the presence of joint cysts in the posterior region of the distal joint of the lower extremities and fat liver were observed in obese rodents.