Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Kaisers Septimius Severus. Johannes Hasebroek. Heidelberg (Carl Winter), 1922. pp. 201

Maurice Platnauer
1920 Journal of Roman Studies  
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Journal of Roman Studies. Die romische
more » ... rargeschichte that the cause thereof is to be found in the combination of two tendencies which united to produce a change in this direction. Lack of political occupation in Rome turned men's attention to the land, and the diminution of the slave supply through the restoration of peace pointed to the tenant system as the most advantageous. It is not always easy to feel convinced that slaves were so scarce as this theory would represent, nor can it really be supported by anything more cogent than a hazardous inference from the transitory outbreak of suppressio which was apparently put down by Augustus and Tiberius. On the other hand we know from Cicero, whose word Mr. Heitland is compelled to doubt (p. I96) that manumission was free in the late republic: we know from many authorities, among whom the younger Pliny stands out, that the tendency was for it to become even freer as time went on : and of the effects which this process produced we have evidence both in the legislation of the Empire and in facts like those collected by Tenney Frank (Am. Hist. Rev. I916, p. 689 ff. ). If it is true that manumission was being granted on so large a scale, is it credible that landowners were being forced into taking tenants by the dearth of slaves ? After all, it is clear enough that slaves were not got by conquest alone, and the scarcity itself is hardly proved so clearly as to be capable of bearing the consequences it is assigned. Perhaps in the end the true solution of the problem will show that in this respect, as in many others, the experience of the ancient world was nearer to that of the modern than is generally admitted. These are all small points, and even if Mr. Heitland does not always carry conviction he serves a useful purpose by provoking dissent: but of Agricola as a whole it remains true that it is an admirable product of ripe learning, valuable alike as a book of reference and as a history of labour in the agriculture of Greece and Rome. In every work of these dimensions there must be points on which two opinions can be held, but the book itself has only one defect-its cost. Forty-seven shillings and sixpence is a heavy price to pay for five hundred pages, however good, and heavier still when doubts of its justice may be felt. At any rate it is of interest to reflect that within a few months of Agricola's emergence from the Cambridge Press the Press of another University published a book on an allied branch of classical learning. In the public they command the two can hardly differ, and in difficulties of type-setting they cannot be distinguished. Let A be Agricola and X the anonymous. Then in amount of matter A: X: 5: 3. In price A: X:: ;z 7s. 6d. : I8s. od. Something seems wrong. Where ? HUGH LAST. UNTERSUCHUNGEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DES KAISERS SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. JOHANNES HASEBROEK. Heidelberg (Carl Winter), I922. pp. zo.20
doi:10.2307/295805 fatcat:37bqolx4zvd7fn6pt3kdp6asii