Effects of negation and situational presence on the accessibility of text information

Barbara Kaup, Rolf A. Zwaan
2003 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
In 2 experiments, participants read narratives containing a color term that was mentioned either within the scope of an explicit negative or not, and with the described situation being such that the color was either present or not. Accessibility of the color term was measured by means of a probe-recognition task either 500 ms (Experiment 1) or 1,500 ms (Experiment 2) after participants read the sentence mentioning color. After the 500-ms delay, the accessibility of the color term was influenced
more » ... term was influenced by the structure of the sentence. After the 1,500-ms delay, the accessibility was influenced by the content of the described situation. These results are consistent with the view that comprehenders construct a linguistic representation of the text as well as a situation model in which only present properties are represented. An alternative account, according to which comprehenders only construct a perceptual simulation of the described situation, is discussed.
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.29.3.439 pmid:12776754 fatcat:4jxss2tbh5aedfrscojiir4v7a