VIOLATIONS OF THE GENDER EQUALITY PRINCIPLES REVEALED IN CARMEN BIN LADIN'S INSIDE THE KIGDOM

Rinawati
unpublished
Abstrak This paper analyzed the theme of violations of the gender equality principles in Carmen's Bin Ladin's Inside the Kingdom. The best seller novel was based on the true story of the author's life in Saudi Arabia under the gender prohibitions of Wahhabi custom. The analytical perspective adopted in this study is shaped by the idea of Islamic feminism. The analysis resulted in the finding that gender problem revealed in the novel was due to the violations of the gender equality principles.
more » ... e violations of the gender equality principles included the practice of honor killing, women's face covering, the construction of women's inferiority, the prohibition of entering mosque for women, segregation of sexes, divorced women's getting no child custody rights, no obligationof educating women, forced marriage, temporary marriage, female genital mutilation and improper polygamy practice. In conclusion, the women depicted in the novel are not truly treated according to the gender equality principles. INTRODUCTION Today more women are involved in the discussion and reformation of identity than any other time in the human history. Therefore, people might think of feminism as a recent phenomenon. However, Weiner (1994) argues that feminism has a very long history and every era has had its women movement. Moreover Fadl (1991) asserted that gender and gender related issues have attended the conception of the earliest human society. While gender and gender related issue should be viewed as far from new, what is modern, as Fadl points out, is the emergence of the gender debate and the interest of academia in-gender studies‖. Further he suggests that learning about Muslim society and
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