CD24 is expressed in gastric parietal cells and regulates apoptosis and the response to Helicobacter felis infection in the murine stomach

C. A. Duckworth, D. Clyde, D. M. Pritchard
2012 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology  
Duckworth CA, Clyde D, Pritchard DM. CD24 is expressed in gastric parietal cells and regulates apoptosis and the response to Helicobacter felis infection in the murine stomach. is expressed in the putative stem cells within several tissues and is overexpressed in gastric and colonic adenocarcinomas. Perturbed CD24 expression may therefore alter the response of gastrointestinal epithelia to damage-inducing stimuli that induce cancer. We have investigated the effects of CD24 deletion on gastric
more » ... sponses to Helicobacter felis infection and ␥-irradiation using CD24-null mice. Gastric CD24 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry in C57BL/6 mice. Female CD24-null and C57BL/6 mice were infected with H. felis for 6 wk, and inflammation, proliferation, apoptosis, and parietal cell numbers were assessed in gastric tissue sections. Apoptosis and proliferation were analyzed on a cell-positional basis in stomach, small intestine, and colon of CD24-null and C57BL/6 mice following ␥-irradiation. Apoptosis was also assessed in HT29 cells following CD24 siRNA transfection. Of CD24-positive cells in the gastric corpus, 98% were H ϩ -K ϩ -ATPase-expressing parietal cells. CD24null mice showed more prominent gastric H. felis colonization than C57BL/6 mice but displayed a marked reduction in corpus inflammation, reduced Ki67 labeling, and less gastric atrophy 6 wk following infection. Corpus apoptosis was elevated in CD24-null mice, but this did not increase further with H. felis infection as observed in C57BL/6 mice. More apoptotic cells were found following ␥-irradiation in the stomach, small intestine, and colon of CD24-null mice and following CD24 knockdown in vitro. In conclusion, CD24 is expressed in gastric parietal cells, where it modulates gastric responses to H. felis and ␥-radiation. CD24 also regulates susceptibility to apoptosis in the distal murine gastrointestinal tract.
doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00068.2012 pmid:22899822 fatcat:zfl3uvuym5avnou6tdy6vqygra