Control of the cylinder wake in the laminar regime by Trust-Region methods and POD Reduced Order Models

M. Bergmann, L. Cordier, J.-P. Brancher
Proceedings of the 44th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control  
In this paper we investigate the optimal control approach for the active control of the circular cylinder wake flow considered in the laminar regime (Re = 200). The objective is the mean drag minimization of the wake where the control function is the time harmonic angular velocity of the rotating cylinder. When the Navier-Stokes equations are used as state equation, the discretization of the optimality system leads to large scale discretized optimization problems that represent a tremendous
more » ... nt a tremendous computational task. In order to reduce the number of state variables during the optimization process, a Proper (2000) , to update the reduced order models during the optimization process. Benefiting from the trust-region philosophy, rigorous convergence results guarantee that the iterates produced by the TRPOD algorithm will converge to the solution of the original optimization problem defined with a high fidelity model. A lot of computational work is indeed saved because the optimization process is now based only on low-fidelity models. When the TRPOD is applied to the wake flow configuration, this approach leads to a relative mean drag reduction of 30% for reduced numerical costs. Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) Reduced Order Model (ROM) is then derived to be used as state equation. Since the range of validity of the POD ROM is generally limited to the vicinity of the design parameters in the control parameter space, we propose to use the Trust-Region Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (TRPOD) approach, originally introduced by Fahl
doi:10.1109/cdc.2005.1582209 fatcat:iaw5oomatnefnhqr3oom3itgvu